When Mayflower II arrived in America after a 55-day transatlantic voyage in June 1957, thousands waited to greet her on Plymouth's shores. Designed by renowned naval architect William A. Baker, constructed using only traditional techniques at J.W. & A. Upham Shipyard in Devon, UK, and captained by tall ship veteran Alan Villiers, Mayflower II sailed across the Atlantic powered only by the wind in her sails. At almost 65 years old, it is a rare survivor of the golden age of reproduction shipbuilding. In 2020, Mayflower II was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The recreation and sailing of Mayflower in 1957 was well documented both by the craftspeople involved, the crew, and the media. Plimoth Patuxet maintains a collection of navigation equipment from the 1957 sail, costumes worn by the crew members, and commemorative materials related to the 1957 sail. In addition, the Mayflower II archive contains documents, news articles, photographs, charts, and blueprints related to Mayflower II, its construction, and sailing.