Primary Sources


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Ainsworth,HenryThe Book of Psalms: Englished both in Prose and Metre with Annotations (Amsterdam: Thomas Stafford, 1644

Appes, William.On Our Own Ground: The Complete Writings of William Apess, a Pequot. edited by Barry O’Connell, (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992)

A.W.,A Book of Cookrye, (London: Printed by Edward Allde, 1591)

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de Champlain, Samuel de. Voyages of Samuel de Champlain: Volume 2. Translated by Charles P. Otis (N.p.: Outlook Verlag, 2018.)

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Josselyn, John New-Englands Rarities Discovered, (London: Printed for G. Widows, 1672)

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Williams, Roger. A Key into the Language of America Tomaquag Museum Edition. Dawn Dove, Sandra Robinson, Loren Spears, Dorothy Herman Papp, and Kathleen Bragdon, ed. (Yardley, PA: Westholme Publishing, 2019)

Wood, William. New England’s Prospect (London: John Dawson for John Bellamy, 1639)

Young, Alexander. Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers, (Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1841)

Personal Papers & Correspondence

The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, vol. 41, September 16, 1783, through February 29, 1784, ed. Ellen R. Cohn. (New Haven: Yale, 2014,)

Benjamin Franklin, Passy (France), to Sarah Franklin Bache, 26 January 1784 Passy, Founders Online, National Archives,

Lincoln, Abraham. Abraham Lincoln papers: Series 1. General Correspondence. 1833 to 1916: Sarah J. Hale to Abraham Lincoln, Monday, Thanksgiving. 1863. Manuscript/Mixed Material.

Ripley, Ezra "No. 890/Nov. 19, 1795 - Annual Thanksgiving" Sermon, Ezra Ripley (1751-1841) Sermons (1783-1799), Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School Repository, Cambridge, MA.

Secondary Sources


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Brooks, Lisa The Common Pot: the Recovery of Native Space in the Northeast (University of Minnesota Press, 2008)

... Our Beloved Kin: A New History of King Philip’s War (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2019)

Boehrer, Bruce Thomas. Animal Characters: Nonhuman Beings in Early Modern Literature, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010)

Bunker, Nick. Making Haste from Babylon: the Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World (New York: Knopf, 2010)

Calloway, Colin G. First Peoples: a Documentary Survey of American Indian History (Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s Press, 2004)

Curtin, Kathleen; Oliver, Sandra L. and Plimoth Plantation, Giving Thanks: Thanksgiving Recipes and History, from Pilgrims to Pumpkin Pie

Cronan, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists and the Ecology of New England (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982)

Deetz, James. In Small Things Forgotten: an Archaeology of Early American Life (Anchor Publishing, 1977)

… Time of Their Lives: Life, Love and Death in Plymouth Colony (Anchor Publishing, 2001)

DeLucia, Christine. Memory Lands: King Philip’s War and the Place of Violence in the Northeast (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2019)

Demos, John. A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999)

Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne. An Indigenous People’s History of the United States (Beacon Press, 2015)

Eiche, Sabine. Presenting the Turkey: The Fabulous Story of a Flamboyant and Flavorful Bird (Florence: Centro Di, 2004)

Grandjean, Katherine. American Passage: the Communications Frontier in Early New England. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015)

Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity (New York: Vintage Books, 1998)

Lipman, Andrew. Saltwater Frontier: Indians and the Contest for the American Coast (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2017)

Mann, Charles C. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus (New York: Vintage-Penguin Books, 2006)

McIntyre, Ruth A. Debts Hopeful and Desperate: Financing the Plymouth Colony (Plymouth: Plimoth Plantation, 1963)

Mood, Fulmer ”John Winthrop Jr. On Indian Corn” New England Quarterly Vol. X No. 1 (March 1937)

Morgan, Edmund. The Puritan Family: Religion and Domestic Relations in 17th-Century New England (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1966)

… Visible Saints: the History of a Puritan Idea (New York: Martino Fine Books, 2013)

Nanepashemet, Life of Squanto. Unpublished manuscript. (1995)

Nanepashemet and James Baker, Wampanoag Indigenous Program Training Manual, Plimoth Patuxet Museums

Newell, Margaret Ellen. Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2105)

Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower: a Story of Courage, Community and War (New York: Viking Adult, 2006)

Richter, Daniel. Facing East from Indian Country: a Native History of Early America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003)

Salisbury, Neal. Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans and the Making of New England, 1500-1643

Schorger, A.W. The Wild Turkey: Its History and Domestication (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1966)

Schultz, Eric B. and Tougias, Michael J. King Philip’s War: The History and Legacy of America’s Forgotten Conflict (Countryman Press, 2017)

Simmons, William Scranton.Spirit of the New England Tribes: Indian History and Folklore, 1620-1984 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986)

Stratton, Eugene Aubrey. Plymouth Colony: Its History and Its People: 1620-1691 (Ancestry Publishing, 1986)

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. Goodwives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England (New York: Vintage -Penguin Books, 1991)

The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Creation of an American Myth (New York: Vintage -Penguin Books, 2002)

Willison, George. The Pilgrim Reader (New York: Doubleday and Company, 1953)

Wampanoag: People of the East. 17th-Century Wampanoag Life. Plimoth Plantation Educational Materials

Journal Articles

Marr, John S. and Cathey, John T. "New Hypothesis for Cause of Epidemic among Native Americans, New England, 1616-1619” Emerging Infectious Disease Journal. Vol. 16 No. 2 (Feb. 2010)


Pequot War - Connecticut History - a CT Humanities Project. accessed 4/29/23

“History of the Pequot War,” Mashantucket Pequot Museum - Battlefields of the Pequot War Accessed April 29, 2023

“USDA Indigenous Food Sovereignty Initiative”, US Department of Agriculture. Accessed April 18, 2023.,AI%2FAN)%20dietary%20needs.

“Indigenous Seed Keepers Network” Native Food Alliance. Accessed March 28, 2023

“Wampanoag Forms in Clay” Ramona Peters - Nosapocket. Accessed March 21, 2023

“October 19, 1998 Settlement.” United American Indians of New England. Accessed March 21, 2023

“Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe Aboriginal Rights,” Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, Accessed February 9, 2023.

“Hunting, Fishing, Gathering” Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head Aquinnah, Accessed February 9, 2023.

James Jr, Frank. “THE SUPPRESSED SPEECH OF WAMSUTTA (FRANK B.) JAMES, WAMPANOAG.” United American Indians of New England. Accessed February 9, 2023.

Marge Bruchac, “On the Wampum Trail: Restorative Research in North American Museums” On the Wampum Trail.

“Indigenous Food Sovereignty,” Indigenous Food Systems Network. Accessed April 18, 2023

“Index of Special Information, Meleagris gallopavo,” Fire Effects Information System,”

Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, “Tudors Put Turkey on the Menu,”, 20 December 2017

Documentary Films

Burns, Rick, dir., American Experience: The Pilgrims 2014; New York, New York: Steeplechase Films, 2014. DVD

Leustig, Jack, dir. 500 Nations: Kevin Costner Explores America’s Indian Heritage. 1995; New York, New York: CBS Broadcasting, 1995. DVD.

Makepeace, Ann, dir. We Still Live Here (Âs Nutayuneân). 2011; Lakeville, CT: Makepeace Productions, 2011. DVD.

Rawal, Sanjay, dir. Gather. 2020; Jamaica, NY: Illumine Group, 2020. Streaming.

Media Articles

Logan Perley, “350 years of searching: Wampanoag still looking for historic wampum belt,” Unreserved - Canadian Broadcasting Company. Accessed February 9, 2023

Amadeu Finlay, “Eating Indigenous: The Narragansett Food Sovereignty Initiative Focuses on Traditional Agricultural Practice,” Motif. January 16, 2019. Accessed April 18, 2023.


Darius Coombs, “Wedding As Diplomacy,” interview by Hilary Goodnow. Interwoven, Plimoth Patuxet Museums, August 12, 2015.

“Helen Manning - Moshup creation of the Island.” MV Museum Oral History Channel. Youtube.

“The World of the Wampanoag, Part I (Before 1620)” Interview by Liz Covert. Ben Franklin’s World. December 8, 2020.

The World of the Wampanoag, Part II (1620 and Beyond)” Interview by Liz Covert. Ben Franklin’s World. December 8, 2020.